Data Products

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ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of farm households. The December 8, 2016 release includes information on farm finances from the 2015 ARMS survey, now available through the Farm and Household Finance Tailored Reports.

Commodity Costs and Returns

USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are "historical" accounts based on the actual costs incurred by producers.

Farm Household Income and Characteristics

This data product presents the latest household income forecast and socioeconomic indicators for principal operators of U.S. family farms, including health insurance coverage and expenditures of farm operator households.

Farm Income and Wealth Statistics

Estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2017F; and for States, 1949-2015.

Milk Cost of Production Estimates

Monthly national milk cost of production estimates for 2005-present, and annual milk cost of production estimates by State and by size of operation for 2005 to 2014.

State Fact Sheets

The ERS State Fact Sheets provide information on population, income, poverty, food security, education, employment, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top commodities, and agricultural exports. Data are available for all States, and for metro/nonmetro breakouts within States. Links to county-level data are provided where available. With this release, statistics on poverty, educational attainment, per capita income, and earnings per job have been updated with the latest available data.