Amber Waves

Amber Waves presents the broad scope of ERS research and analysis on the economics of food, farming, natural resources, and rural America.

New from ERS

Turkey Sector: Background & Statistics

Seasonal feature: Get background information and data on turkey – production, top producing States, consumption, exports, wholesale and retail prices.

A Deeper Look Into the USDA Crop Baseline Projections to 2028, With a Focus on Trade

This report complements the USDA Agricultural Projections to 2028 report released in March 2019 by providing an overview of the process for generating the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s long-term projections.In particular, the report explains the expectations of the main drivers of the major crop markets, including corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, rice, and sugar.

Pumpkins: Background & Statistics

Seasonal feature: Pumpkin production is widely dispersed across U.S. regions. Get background information and data on pumpkins – production, top States, crop yield, demand, farm and retail prices.

Financial Conditions in the U.S. Agricultural Sector: Historical Comparisons

While U.S. agriculture is in a less prosperous and potentially vulnerable period, indicators of farm financial health suggest that the current downturn is not yet as extreme as the farm crisis of the 1980s.

Impacts on India's Farmers and Processors of Reducing Soybean Import Barriers

This study examines the potential impacts on Indian farmers and processors of reducing barriers to soybean imports. Model-based simulations find that with imported soybeans, processors could more fully utilize their existing crush capacity, reduce their unit costs, and sharply expand their sales volumes and revenues—leading to substantial economic benefits.

Row of furrowed field crops stretching to horizon

An Overview of Beginning Farms and Farmers

This report uses information from USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (2013 to 2017) to describe the structural and economic characteristics of beginning farms and illustrate how they differ from more established operations