Data Products

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Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.

Data cover genetically engineered (GE) varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans for 2000-16, for the U.S. and States. Data include the extent of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT), insect-resistant (Bt), and both traits ("stacked") genetically engineered (GE) crops.

Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.

Estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for 1948-2013, and estimates of the growth/relative levels of productivity across States for 1960-2004. Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. (Quality of national statistics is preserved.)

ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of farm households. The December 8, 2016 release includes information on farm finances from the 2015 ARMS survey, now available through the Farm and Household Finance Tailored Reports.

Commodity Costs and Returns

USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are "historical" accounts based on the actual costs incurred by producers.

Fertilizer Imports/Exports

Note: Updates to this data product are suspended. The underlying information is available from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Foreign Trade Division. This product provides U.S. annual data on imports and exports of selected fertilizer types. The data cover imports from 1995 to 2012 and exports from 1990 to 2012 for 26 major fertilizer products an materials, and for 82 major trading countries.

Fertilizer Use and Price

This product brings together 1960-2012 data on fertilizer consumption in the United States by plant nutrient and major selected product, as well as consumption of mixed fertilizers, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Share of crop area receiving fertilizer and fertilizer use per receiving acre, by nutrient, are presented for the major producing States for corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat. Additional data include fertilizer farm prices and indices of wholesale fertilizer price. Fertilizer price data are through 2013.

International Agricultural Productivity

This data product provides agricultural output, input, and total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates, across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way, for 1961-2013.

Irrigated Agriculture in the United States

This data product summarizes irrigated farms in the United States based on USDA's 2013 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (FRIS). The previous release of this data product--which summarized the farm-structural characteristics for irrigated farms in the 17 Western States based on USDA's 2008 and 1998 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Surveys--is available in a zipped archive file.

Major Land Uses

The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses of public and private land in the United States. The MLU series contains acreage estimates of major uses by region and States, beginning in 1945 and published about every 5 years since.

Organic Production

ERS collects data from USDA-accredited State and private certification groups to calculate the extent of certified organic farmland acreage and livestock in the United States.

Season-Average Price Forecasts

This data product provides three Excel file spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the U.S. season-average price received and the implied price loss coverage (PLC) payment rate for three major field crops (corn, soybeans, and wheat).