Data Products

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Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.

Data cover genetically engineered (GE) varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans for 2000-16, for the U.S. and States. Data include the extent of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT), insect-resistant (Bt), and both traits ("stacked") genetically engineered (GE) crops.

Agricultural Baseline Database

The agricultural baseline database provides longrun, 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for major field crops (corn, sorghum, barley, oats, wheat, rice, soybeans, and upland cotton), and livestock (beef, pork, poultry and eggs, and dairy).

Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.

Estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for 1948-2013, and estimates of the growth/relative levels of productivity across States for 1960-2004. Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. (Quality of national statistics is preserved.)

Agricultural Research Funding in the Public and Private Sectors

Data for public and private funding of food and agricultural research and development cover the years 1970-2009 (public) and 1970-2007 (private). Data are available as nominal figures and adjusted for inflation.

Aquaculture Data

Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout and U.S. imports and exports of fish and shellfish that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters.

ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of farm households. The December 8, 2016 release includes information on farm finances from the 2015 ARMS survey, now available through the Farm and Household Finance Tailored Reports.

Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America

View the diversity of challenges and opportunities across America's counties. View indicators about people, jobs, veterans, and county types. Data have been updated to include the 2011-15 (5-year average) American Community Survey statistics, and 2015 county-level median household income and poverty.

China Agricultural and Economic Data

This database is no longer being updated. The China agricultural and economic database is a collection of agricultural-related data from official statistical publications of the People's Republic of China. Analysts and policy professionals around the world need information about the rapidly changing Chinese economy, but statistics are often published only in China and sometimes only in Chinese-language publications. This product assembles a wide variety of data items covering agricultural production, inputs, prices, food consumption, output of industrial products relevant to the agricultural sector, and macroeconomic data.

Commodity and Food Elasticities

This database is no longer being updated. The Commodity and Food Elasticities Database is a collection of elasticities from research on consumer demand published in working papers, dissertations, and peer-reviewed journals and as presented at professional conferences in the United States. Most of the literature is from U.S. academic and government research. The database allows queriable searches of income, expenditure, and own- and cross-price elasticities for specific commodities and countries, which can be ranked and sorted. The most fully covered countries are the United States and China, and the greatest number of demand studies are for vegetables, fruits, and grocery products such as coffee and ketchup.

Commodity Costs and Returns

USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are "historical" accounts based on the actual costs incurred by producers.

Cotton, Wool, and Textile Data

This data product contains data on U.S. cotton and wool supply, demand, and prices, as well as U.S. cotton and textile trade data, maintained by the Economic Research Service to support related commodity market analysis and research.

County-level Oil and Gas Production in the U.S.

County-level data from oil and/or natural gas producing States—for onshore production in the lower 48 States only—are compiled annually for 2000 through 2011.

Dairy Data

The Dairy Data files cover U.S. supply, demand, and trade for milk and major dairy products.

Farm Household Income and Characteristics

This data product presents the latest household income forecast and socioeconomic indicators for principal operators of U.S. family farms, including health insurance coverage and expenditures of farm operator households.

Farm Income and Wealth Statistics

Estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2017F; and for States, 1949-2015.

Feed Grains Database

The Feed Grains Database contains statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats), foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items.

International Agricultural Productivity

This data product provides agricultural output, input, and total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates, across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way, for 1961-2013.

International Baseline Data

International baseline projections indicate supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities for selected countries. These projections provide foreign country detail supporting the annual USDA agricultural baseline, which are longrun, 10-year projections.

International Food Consumption Patterns

This database is no longer being updated. Total and marginal budget shares and income and price elasticities are estimated, using 2005 ICP data, for nine broad consumption groups and eight food subgroups across 144 countries.

International Macroeconomic Data Set

The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides data from 1969 through 2020 for real (adjusted for inflation) gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates, and other variables for the 190 countries and 34 regions that are most important for U.S. agricultural trade.

Major Land Uses

The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses of public and private land in the United States. The MLU series contains acreage estimates of major uses by region and States, beginning in 1945 and published about every 5 years since.

Milk Cost of Production Estimates

Monthly national milk cost of production estimates for 2005-present, and annual milk cost of production estimates by State and by size of operation for 2005 to 2014.

Natural Amenities Scale

The natural amenities scale county-based measure of the physical characteristics of an area that enhance the location as a place to live. The scale was constructed by combining six measures of climate, topography, and water area that reflect environmental qualities most people prefer.

Rural Definitions

Dozens of definitions are currently used by Federal and State agencies, researchers, and policymakers. The ERS Rural Definitions data product allows users to make comparisons among nine representative rural definitions.

Season-Average Price Forecasts

This data product provides three Excel file spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the U.S. season-average price received and the implied price loss coverage (PLC) payment rate for three major field crops (corn, soybeans, and wheat).

State Fact Sheets

The ERS State Fact Sheets provide information on population, income, poverty, food security, education, employment, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top commodities, and agricultural exports. Data are available for all States, and for metro/nonmetro breakouts within States. Links to county-level data are provided where available. With this release, statistics on poverty, educational attainment, per capita income, and earnings per job have been updated with the latest available data.

U.S. Bioenergy Statistics

The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture. Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to feedstock-oriented users. The statistics highlight the factors that influence the demand for agricultural feedstocks for biofuels production; for instance, numerous tables emphasize the relationship between energy and commodity markets.