Peer Reviews

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.

USDA has also issued Scientific Research Guidelines/Peer Review standards that USDA agencies and offices will follow in developing and reviewing scientific research information and disseminating it to the public.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments

At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information

ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development. The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public. ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.

ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Outlook Special Reports. The peer review process varies for each series. All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information. 

  • ERS research reports – Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process.  Each report submitted to the Peer Review Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external economists/subject specialists and one economist from ERS. In addition, subject specialists from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double-blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters sent to each reviewer.
  • Outlook Special Reports – Outlook Special Reports deliver time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade.  These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Outlook Special Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.

In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.

ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information (under review as of June 30, 2019)
Working Title Description
Agricultural Market Access Under Tariff Rate Quotas Economic Research Report
Alternative Data Sources for the Agricultural Risk Coverage Program Economic Research Report
Agricultural Trade Deficits in an Era of Free Trade: How is NAFTA Connected? Special Outlook Report
Changes in Trade from Removing Global Market Distorting Policies Economic Research Report
How Americans Spend Time on Food-Related Activities: A Time-Use Analysis Using the 2004-16 American Time Use Survey Economic Information Bulletin
U.S. Agricultural Exports to Regions in China Economic Research Report
Household food insecurity and federal housing assistance Economic Research Report
Food, Temperature, Season, Region and Campylobacteriosis in the U.S. Economic Research Report
Cost Implications of Participant Product Selection in the Women, Infants and Children Program Economic Research Report
Cost Containment and Participant Access in the WIC Program: Evidence from the Greater Los Angeles Area Economic Brief
The Potential Impact of New Bread and Breakfast Cereal Products on U.S. Nutrient Consumption Economic Information Bulletin
Resource Requirements of Future Food Demand in the United States Economic Information Bulletin
An Overview of Beginning Farms Economic Brief
U.S. Competition for Southeast Asia Dairy Imports Economic Research Report
The Fate of Land in Expiring Conservation Reserve Program Contracts, 2013-16 Economic Information Bulletin
SNAP Impacts on the Rural and Urban Economies in the Aftermath of the Great Recession Economic Research Report
India’s Oilseed and Feed Markets Special Outlook Report
Food Loss at the Farm and Pre-Retail Sectors: A Look at the Produce Supply Chain in the United States Economic Information Bulletin
Brazil’s Agricultural Competitiveness: Impact on Global Trade Economic Research Report
An Examination of Veterans’ Diet Quality Economic Research Report
The Changing Drivers of the Opioid Epidemic: From Physical Disability in the 2000s to Economic Hardship in the 2010s Economic Research Report
International Food Security Assessment Special Outlook Report
Issues and Trends in Production Practices and Costs of the U.S. Corn Sector Economic Information Bulletin
The Distribution of Farm Household Income and Wealth Economic Research Report

See completed peer reviews


For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:

Kelly Maguire
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
Phone: (202) 694-5448

USDA Resources

The USDA website provides more information on:

Last updated: Tuesday, September 22, 2020

For more information, contact: Cynthia Nickerson