Rice, the primary staple for more than half the world's population, is produced worldwide, with about 90 percent grown in Asia. The United States is a major exporter, with the global market accounting for nearly half the annual sales volume of U.S.-produced rice. Four U.S. regions produce virtually all of the country's rice crop—three in the South and one in California—with the South growing mostly long-grain rice and California producing almost exclusively medium- and short-grain rice.

ERS provides a range of data products and reports on oil crops markets including domestic and international supply, demand, trade, and prices. Periodic, scheduled, outputs include:

  • Rice Outlook a monthly report that presents supply and use projections for U.S. and global rice markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
  • Rice Yearbook Tables an annual data set that provides statistics on U.S. rice production, supply, disappearance, trade, and price data. The tables also include State acreage, yield, and production data; U.S. and world price series; and program statistics.
  • Commodity Costs and Returns a data product that provides annual estimates of production costs and returns formajor field crops, including rice.
  • Agricultural baseline database an annual report published yearly each February that offers 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for rice, in addition to the other major field crops and livestock. 

In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS publishes reports covering issues important to the rice market in the United States and around the world.  Recent ERS reports relating to rice include the following:

The Rice Market in South Korea. This report reviews key aspects of Korea’s rice market and discusses the outlook for U.S. rice exports to Korea.

Haiti's U.S. Rice Imports. The report provides an overview of Haiti’s rice imports from the United States, and discusses the outlook for these imports in light of changes in market forces.   An Amber Waves article based on this report is available here: Rice Imports Help Alleviate Haiti's Food Needs.

Southeast Asia's Rice Surplus. This report examines why Southeast Asia’s rice surplus exists and why it likely will continue.

Consolidation and Structural Change in the U.S. Rice Sector, by Katherine Baldwin, Erik Dohlman, Nathan Childs, and Linda Foreman, Outlook No. (RCS-11d-01), April 2011.