The increasing integration of national economies through trade, investment, and communication has impacts on the agriculture sectors of the United States and other nations. In a global marketplace, agricultural production, supply, and demand in one country or region can affect global trade opportunities for others, and trade policies can have positive or negative impacts.  

ERS economists analyze the impacts of bilateral, multilateral, and regional trade agreements on member countries. The work of ERS includes in-depth analyses of the economies, agricultural sectors, and policies of key trading partners: Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, India, Japan, Mexico, and South Korea. ERS also assesses environmental, food safety, and food security challenges confronting countries and regions in an increasingly global agricultural market, as well as the economic opportunities the market provides.