Food Choices & Health

  • Diet Quality & Nutrition
    ERS examines factors driving dietary choices and the economic consequences of nutritional and health outcomes.
  • Consumer Information and Labeling
    ERS examines the effects of nutrition information provision and education programs on food choices and dietary outcomes; consumers' use of food labels and impacts on food choices and dietary outcomes; and the effects of new label information on the supply of labeled foods, retail prices, and manufacturing and farm production practices.
  • Food Access
    ERS conducts research on access and barriers to affordable, healthy food, and the consequences of limited food access on food spending, diet, and health.
  • Food Consumption & Demand
    ERS provides economic analyses of trends, dietary patterns, and the relationship between food intake and nutritional/health outcomes such as obesity.
  • Obesity
    ERS examines the role of economic incentives in food choices, how dietary patterns contribute to obesity, and what effects obesity policies could have on producer and consumer incentives and health outcomes.
  • Consumer Food Data System (CFDS)
    ​​ERS established the Consumer Food Data System (CFDS) to support the USDA’s strategic goal of providing all U.S. consumers with access to a safe, nutritious, and secure food supply. CFDS resources enable intramural and extramural researchers to examine issues and questions related to food markets, food and nutrition programs, food security, food safety, and consumer food and nutrition choices and their health outcomes.​