International Macroeconomic Data Set

The ERS International Macroeconomic Data Set provides historical and projected data for 189 countries that account for more than 99 percent of the world economy. These macroeconomic data and projections are assembled explicitly to serve as underlying assumptions for the annually updated USDA agricultural supply and demand projections, which provide a 10-year outlook on U.S. and global agriculture. The macroeconomic projections describe the long-term scenario that is used as a benchmark for analyzing the impacts of alternative scenarios and macroeconomic shocks.  The projections assume there are no changes in policy and abstract from business cycle effects.  Historical data are available for real (inflation-adjusted) gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, population, and real exchange rates from 1969 to the most recent available year, and each variable is projected forward to 2030.

Errata: On December 11, 2017, the spreadsheet files, “Real GDP (2010 dollars) Projections” and “Real GDP (2010) Historical,” were reposted to correct the growth rates reported for the year 2016.  In addition, the spreadsheet file, “GDP Deflators (2010 base) Historical,” was reposted to correct the growth rates reported for the income-based country aggregates (rows 233-240). 


Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Baseline Data Files
Real GDP (2010 dollars) Projections 12/11/2017 12/18/2018
Population Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Real Exchange Rates Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
GDP Shares by Country and Region Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Real Per Capita GDP (2010 dollars) Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
GDP Deflators (2010 base) Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Consumer Price Indexes (2010 base) Projections 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Historical Data Files
Real GDP (2010 dollars) Historical 12/11/2017 12/18/2018
Population Historical 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Real Exchange Rates Historical 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
GDP Shares by Country and Region Historical 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
GDP Deflators (2010 base) Historical 12/11/2017 12/18/2018
Consumer Price Indexes (2010 base) Historical 12/6/2017 12/18/2018
Real Per Capita GDP (2010 dollars) Historical 12/6/2017 12/18/2018