COVID-19 Economic Implications for Agriculture, Food, and Rural America
The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and its associated economic impacts have implications for agriculture, food, and rural America.
ERS’ research program considers links in the farm-to-consumer supply chain that may be affected by the pandemic, including farms, processors, handlers, retail outlets, and trade. ERS also examines the economic impacts of the pandemic on consumers, food assistance program participants, residents of rural America, and farmers.
This page highlights ERS research and data that can help interpret and understand the emerging economic impacts of the pandemic. The page will be updated as more information becomes available.
See also Resources for the Media.
Topics Covered by ERS COVID-19-Related Research
ERS COVID-19-related research and data address impacts related to these key subjects:
- Agricultural Commodities
- Farms and Farm Households
- Food and Consumers
- Rural America
- Trade and International
- Retail prices for nearly all food-at-home categories up in June 2020 compared with June 2019
- U.S. agricultural exports to China to increase in FY 2020 despite COVID-19 slowdown
- Food insufficiency in mid-June 2020 higher in some States than others
- U.S. pork processing capacity utilization rebounds as COVID-19 infections of plant labor forces recede
- Retail orange juice sales rise during pandemic to highest levels in 5 years
- Food insufficiency in June 2020 higher in some states than others
- Global trading prices for rice rose to highest level in 7 years due to export restrictions
- Wholesale price for Cheddar cheese falls sharply as demand falls
- Ethanol prices fall as demand contracts
- Hog prices fall sharply in April as slaughter capacity is constrained due to COVID-19
- ERS Commodity Outlook Reports will account for, and discuss, the economic implications of COVID-19 on the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE). Latest reports:
- Selected Weekly Fruit Movement and Price describes the change in shipment volume, farm prices, and retail prices of select fruit for the week noted. Volume and prices reflect weekly marketing and supply chain conditions which can be affected by various factors including pests, weather, imports, exports, retail promotions, and labor disruptions.
- Selected Weekly Vegetable Movement and Price describes the change in shipment volume, farm prices, and retail prices of select vegetables for the week noted. Volume and prices reflect weekly marketing and supply chain conditions which can be affected by various factors including pests, weather, imports, exports, retail promotions, and labor disruptions.
- Find the latest on COVID-19 directly from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at www.coronavirus.gov.
- USDA COVID-19 FAQs provides answers to questions frequently asked by USDA customers, stakeholders, and the general public. Find FAQs related to ERS under “Economic Research.”
- CDC Situation Summary
- EPA Disinfectant List
- FEMA Coronavirus (COVID-19) Response
- Frequently Asked Questions from the CDC
- Homeland Security Resources
- State Department Travel Information
- World Health Organization