Global economic conditions drive demand for food and agricultural products, providing the foundation for U.S. agricultural trade. Therefore the composition and pattern of U.S. agricultural exports and imports shift to reflect changes in trade polices, world population, income and economic growth. Other factors affecting  U.S. agricultural trade are global supplies and prices, changes in exchange rates and government support for agriculture.

ERS's Outputs on U.S. Agricultural Trade 

ERS provides a range of data products and reports covering U.S. agricultural trade and various factors affecting trade flows. 

Periodic, scheduled, reports and data include:

  • Foreign agricultural trade of the United States (FATUS) data provide U.S. agricultural exports and imports, volume and value, by country and by commodity. Updated monthly or annually.
  • Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade forecasts U.S. agricultural exports and imports for the upcoming fiscal year, by country and sector. The Outlook is also summarized online in the corresponding long form content piece.
  • State Exports data provide estimates of annual U.S. agricultural export values by State and commodity.
  • Agricultural Trade Multipliers provide estimates of employment and/or output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy. These effects, when expressed as multipliers, reflect the amount of economic activity and/or jobs generated by agricultural exports.
  • USDA Agricultural Projections: USDA's 10-year projections for the food and agriculture sector include expected U.S. agricultural trade by commodity group.
  • U.S. Export share of Production, Import Share of Consumption (2008-2014)The data include the share of U.S. agricultural production, by value, sold outside the country, and the share of imports in total domestic food consumption by value.
  • U.S. Food Imports data provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U.S. ports and their origin of shipment. Food and beverage import values are compiled by calendar year into food groups corresponding to major commodities or level of processing.

In addition to the periodic Outlook report and data products, ERS publishes reports analyzing trade to a particular trade or region and and key factors affecting trade flows.

Other recent reports relating to U.S. agricultural trade