Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-274) 32 pp

June 2024

The Food and Nutrition Assistance Landscape: Fiscal Year 2023 Annual Report

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers 16 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs that affect the lives of millions of people and account for roughly two-thirds of USDA’s annual budget. In response to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, USDA launched additional temporary programs and implemented numerous policy changes that expanded the scope and coverage of existing programs. Together, these programs contributed to $166.4 billion in spending on food and nutrition assistance programs in fiscal year (FY) 2023 (October 1, 2022–September 30, 2023). This report uses preliminary data from USDA, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) to examine program trends and policy changes in USDA’s largest domestic food and nutrition assistance programs through FY 2023. It also summarizes two 2023 USDA, Economic Research Service (ERS) reports including one that examines the prevalence of household food insecurity in the United States in 2022 and another that documents the share of households with school-aged children reporting difficulty paying for expenses after pandemic waivers allowing schools to serve free meals expired in 2022.

How to Cite:

Jones, J. W., & Toossi, S. (2024). The food and nutrition assistance landscape: Fiscal year 2023 annual report (Report No. EIB-274). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Keywords: Food and nutrition assistance programs, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), Summer Food Service Program (SFSP), Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer (P-EBT), Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer Program for Children (Summer EBT), emergency allotments, food security, Coronavirus, COVID-19 pandemic, economic conditions

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