The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, commonly known as the WIC program, serves to safeguard the health of low-income women, infants, and children younger than 5 who are at nutritional risk. As the third largest food and nutrition assistance program, WIC served about 8 million participants per month in fiscal year 2015, including over half of all infants born in the United States. Federal program costs for WIC were nearly $6.2 billion in fiscal year 2015.
ERS conducts and funds studies and evaluations of the WIC program and other USDA domestic food and nutrition assistance programs.
Information about program eligibility requirements, benefits, and application process is available from USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, the agency that administers the WIC program.
ERS has compiled a database of over 1,000 peer-reviewed research reports and articles covering a broad spectrum of food and nutrition assistance research based on both intramural and extramural research published at ERS and elsewhere. The database is searchable by title, lead author, topics such as breastfeeding, year of publication, data set analyzed and exact word(s) or phrases contained in the publication’s bibliographic citation. See Food and Nutrition Assistance Research Reports Database.