Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program No. (FANRR-9) 16 pp

September 2000

The Effect on Dietary Quality of Participation in the Food Stamp and WIC Programs

Participants in the Food Stamp Program have higher intake of meats, added sugars, and total fats, according to a regression analysis. However, food stamp use does not significantly change intake of fruits, vegetables, grains, or dairy products. Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) have significantly lower intake of added sugars, which may reflect the substitution of WIC-supplied juices and cereals in place of higher sugar soft drinks and cereals. These findings come from a study of low-income Americans using the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals.

Keywords: Nutrition assistance programs, food intake, dietary quality, Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII)

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