Agricultural Economic Report No. (AER-798) 85 pp

January 2002

Livestock Sectors in the Economies of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: Transition from Plan to Market and the Road Ahead

The report examines the restructuring of the livestock sectors in five countries: Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, and Romania. All five countries experienced a decline in both animal inventories and meat output during the early years of transition away from a centrally planned economy. The study identifies potential trade and investment opportunities, but emphasizes that this potential depends on the successful implementation of institutional and policy reforms.

Keywords: Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union, livestock sector, policy reform, transition economies, trade, investment, land markets, credit, marketing costs, labor, employment

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