Milk Cost of Production Estimates

Monthly milk cost-of-production (COP) estimates, and annual milk COP estimates by State and size of operation are shown below. Estimates since 2010 are based on the 2010 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data from milk producers. Estimates for 2005 through 2009 are based on the 2005 ARMS data from milk producers.

Note: Due to a change in the way the National Agricultural Statistic Service (NASS) is reporting agricultural price data, beginning with the January 2015 release of this data product, monthly milk cost of production can no longer be estimated for the month prior to the current release date.  There will now be a two-month lag from the release date. For more detail see http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf 

Also see the ERS Commodity Costs and Returns data product.


Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Milk Cost-of-Production Estimates-2010 Base
Monthly
National milk cost of production 11/7/2016 12/7/2016
Annual
Milk cost of production by State 10/3/2016 5/1/2017
Milk cost of production by size of operation 10/3/2016 5/1/2017
Milk Cost-of-Production Estimates-2005 Base
Monthly
National milk cost of production 1/30/2012
Annual
Milk cost of production by State 10/3/2011
Milk cost of production by size of operation 10/3/2011