Food Security in the United States
Note: The release of the Household Food Security in the United States in 2022 report and corresponding statistical supplement will be on October 25, 2023, due to updates to the survey instrument that were implemented for the first time in 2022.
Food Security Data Access and Documentation Downloads
This data section provides information about publicly available national surveys that include questions from the U.S. Food Security Survey Module. Information on each survey and directions for accessing data files are available in the Documentation.
Users may also be interested in interactive data visualizations; see Interactive Charts and Highlights.
Data Access to the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement (used by USDA to monitor food security)
Public-use household-level Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement (CPS-FSS) data files are available for each year since 1995. Some of the data files are provided here on the ERS website; others may be accessed online from other sites or ordered on CD-ROM. Beginning with the 2010 CPS-FSS survey, data and documentation may be downloaded via FTP from the Census Bureau. Replicate weights to support balanced repeated replication variance estimates are available for 2010 and later data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Technical information is provided in the listing below to facilitate the appropriate use of the data.
- Current Population Survey (CPS)
- Spanish Language CPS Food Security Supplement
- Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K)
- Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
- Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD)
- Survey Modules