Costs and participation

USDA food and nutrition assistance programs, costs and participation, fiscal 2018
Program name Year begun Cost ($ millions) Participation
SNAP-related programs
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 1961 64,988.7 40.3 million participants per month
Nutrition Assistance Program for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas (NAP) 1982* 1,951.6 Not available
Child nutrition programs
National School Lunch Program (NLSP) 1946 13,773.4 29.7 million participants per school day
School Breakfast Program (SBP) 1966 4,375.0 14.7 million participants per school day
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) 1968 3,604.2 2,035.8 million total meals served
Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) 1969 483.8 150.5 million total meals and snacks
Special Milk Program (SMP) 1955 7.9 38.2 million total half pints served
Administrative Expenses for Child Nutrition Programs N/A 511.3 N/A
Supplemental food programs
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 1972 5,308.3 6.9 million participants per month
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) 1969 228.5 676.0 thousand participants per month
Food donation programs
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) 1981 623.4 N/A
Nutrition Services Incentive Program** 1965 3.0 N/A
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) 1976 125.9 87.2 thousand participants per month
Disaster Feeding N/A 6.7 N/A
Administrative expenses (not elsewhere classified) N/A 147.9 N/A
Total expenditures N/A 96,139.4 N/A
Note: Information on program costs and participation come from the Program Information Report (Keydata), USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 2018 (subject to revision).
Information on the year a program began comes from the Annual Historical Review Fiscal Year 1997, USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 1999.
*American Samoa's Nutrition Assistance Program started in 1994.
**Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
N/A = Not applicable.

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