Costs and participation

USDA food and nutrition assistance programs, costs and participation, fiscal year 2022
Program name Year begun Fiscal year 2022 cost ($ millions) Fiscal year 2022 participation
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 1961 119,469.6 41.2 million participants per month
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 1972 5,730.4 6.3 million participants per month
Child nutrition programs
National School Lunch Program (NLSP)* 1946 22,640.4 4,870.0 million total lunches served
School Breakfast Program (SBP)* 1966 6,372.4 2,544.0 million total breakfasts served
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) 1968 3,903.4 1,854.8 million total meals served
Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) 1969 688.2 150.6 million total meals and snacks
Special Milk Program (SMP) 1955 4.3 18.6 million total half pints served
State Administrative and Other Costs for Child Nutrition Programs N/A 1,569.7 N/A
Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer** 2020 17,913.8 N/A
Nutrition Assistance Program for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas (NAP) 1982*** 2,559.7 N/A
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) 1981 1,158.7 N/A
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) 1969 351.8 659.0 thousand participants per month
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) 1976 100.6 45.2 thousand participants per month
Nutrition Services Incentive Program**** 1965 0.9 N/A
Disaster Feeding N/A 76.2 N/A
Administrative expenses (not elsewhere classified) N/A 159.3 N/A
Total expenditures N/A 182,967.6 N/A
Note: Fiscal year 2022 information is based on preliminary data from the October 2022 Program Information Report (Keydata) released by USDA, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) in January 2023, supplemented by additional information on Seamless Summer Option earnings and other child nutrition costs provided by USDA, FNS as of January 2023. Information on the year programs began (other than P-EBT) comes from the Annual Historical Review Fiscal Year 1997, USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 1999.
*Totals include expenditures on, and total meals served through, the NSLP or SBP’s Seamless Summer Option.
**Also includes negligible SNAP expenses not categorized elsewhere.
***American Samoa's Nutrition Assistance Program started in 1994.
****Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
N/A = Not applicable.

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