Costs and participation
|Program name||Year begun||FY 2020 Cost ($ millions)||FY 2020 Participation|
|Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)||1961||78,937.3||39.9 million participants per month|
|Nutrition Assistance Program for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas (NAP)||1982*||1,992.4||Not available|
|Child nutrition programs|
|National School Lunch Program (NLSP)||1946||10,389.4||3,242.4 million total meals served**|
|School Breakfast Program (SBP)||1966||3,571.1||1,831.2 million total meals served**|
|Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)||1968||3,020.0||1,570.4 million total meals served**|
|Summer Food Service Program (SFSP)||1969||4,122.6||1,268.9 million total meals and snacks**|
|Special Milk Program (SMP)||1955||3.7||17.2 million total half pints served**|
|State Administrative and Other Costs for Child Nutrition Programs||N/A||548.4||N/A|
|Supplemental food programs|
|Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)||1972||4,938.9||6.2 million participants per month|
|Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP)||1969||278.4||692.5 thousand participants per month|
|Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer***||2020||10,666.2||N/A|
|Farmers to Families Food Box Program****||2020||2,463.9||92 million total boxes distributed|
|The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP)||1981||930.9||N/A|
|Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR)||1976||133.8||75.3 thousand participants per month|
|Nutrition Services Incentive Program*****||1965||2.0||N/A|
|Administrative expenses (not elsewhere classified)||N/A||148.2||N/A|
|Note: Information on program costs and participation come from the Program Information Report (Keydata), USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 2020 (subject to revision). Additional information on the Food Box Program comes from USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service.
The Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer and the Farmers to Families Food Box Program began in 2020 as authorized by the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. Information on the year other programs began comes from the Annual Historical Review Fiscal Year 1997, USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 1999.
*American Samoa's Nutrition Assistance Program started in 1994.
**These figures reflect changes and/or disruptions to these programs beginning in March 2020.
***Also includes negligible SNAP expenses not categorized elsewhere.
****Administered by the USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service.
*****Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
N/A = Not applicable.
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