Costs and participation

USDA food and nutrition assistance programs, costs and participation, fiscal year 2020
Program name Year begun FY 2020 Cost ($ millions) FY 2020 Participation
SNAP-related programs
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 1961 78,937.3 39.9 million participants per month
Nutrition Assistance Program for Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas (NAP) 1982* 1,992.4 Not available
Child nutrition programs
National School Lunch Program (NLSP) 1946 10,389.4 3,242.4 million total meals served**
School Breakfast Program (SBP) 1966 3,571.1 1,831.2 million total meals served**
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) 1968 3,020.0 1,570.4 million total meals served**
Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) 1969 4,122.6 1,268.9 million total meals and snacks**
Special Milk Program (SMP) 1955 3.7 17.2 million total half pints served**
State Administrative and Other Costs for Child Nutrition Programs N/A 548.4 N/A
Supplemental food programs
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) 1972 4,938.9 6.2 million participants per month
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) 1969 278.4 692.5 thousand participants per month
Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer*** 2020 10,666.2 N/A
Farmers to Families Food Box Program**** 2020 2,463.9 92 million total boxes distributed
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) 1981 930.9 N/A
Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) 1976 133.8 75.3 thousand participants per month
Nutrition Services Incentive Program***** 1965 2.0 N/A
Disaster Feeding N/A 1.3 N/A
Administrative expenses (not elsewhere classified) N/A 148.2 N/A
Total expenditures N/A 122,146.3 N/A
Note: Information on program costs and participation come from the Program Information Report (Keydata), USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 2020 (subject to revision). Additional information on the Food Box Program comes from USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service.
The Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer and the Farmers to Families Food Box Program began in 2020 as authorized by the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. Information on the year other programs began comes from the Annual Historical Review Fiscal Year 1997, USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, September 1999.
*American Samoa's Nutrition Assistance Program started in 1994.
**These figures reflect changes and/or disruptions to these programs beginning in March 2020.
***Also includes negligible SNAP expenses not categorized elsewhere.
****Administered by the USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service.
*****Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
N/A = Not applicable.

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