Economic Research Report No. (ERR-267) 29 pp

August 2019

Potential Variability in Commodity Support: Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage Programs

This report estimates the potential range of the Government’s cost for the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs over the next 10 years for the three largest covered commodities—corn, soybeans, and wheat. Simulating program costs at both the county and national levels indicates program expenditures could vary widely due to uncertainty in commodity markets.

For more detail on how commodity programs were affected by the most recent Farm Bill, see Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018: Highlights and Implications.

Keywords: Farm Bill, Agriculture Risk Coverage, Price Loss Coverage, ARC, PLC, commodity support, risk coverage

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