Economic Research Report No. (ERR-5) 79 pp

June 2005

Flexible Conservation Measures on Working Land

The 2002 Farm Bill sharply increased conservation funding and earmarked most of the increase for working-land payment programs (WLPPs). The design and implementation of WLPPs will largely determine the extent to which environmental goals are achieved and whether they are achieved cost effectively. This report simulates potential environmental gains as well as adjustments in agricultural production, price, and income associated with various WLPP features to illustrate tradeoffs arising from WLPP design and implementation.

Keywords: USMP, environmental simulations, cost-effectiveness, environmental objectives, equity, farm income effects, environmental quality incentives program, EQIP, conservation security program, CSP, environmental benefits index, EBI

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