Food Security Assessment Situation and Outlook No. (GFA-12) 78 pp

February 2001

Food Security Assessment GFA12

USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694 million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries and in many food insecurity will probably intensify. Sub-Saharan Africa, as the most vulnerable region, accounts for only 24 percent of the population of these 67 countries, but it is projected to account for 63 percent of these hungry people in 2010. HIV/AIDS is expected to reduce the region's agricultural productivity, and constraints in financial resources will limit commercial imports, thus leading to declining per capita consumption.

Keywords: Food security, hunger, nutritional requirement, food gaps, HIV/AIDS, productivity, Africa, Latin America & Caribbean, Asia, NIS, agricultural economics

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