Documentation

The ERS State Fact Sheets provide summary data for each State for population, income, poverty, per capita income, food security, educational attainment, earnings per job, employment, unemployment, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top agricultural commodities, and agricultural exports.

The rural and urban classifications used in the State Fact Sheets are based on Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Metropolitan and Micropolitan area designation released February 2013. We use rural/urban interchangeably with nonmetropolitan/metropolitan. Nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) are areas that are not metropolitan.

Population

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population estimates page

For more information contact John Cromartie, 202-694-5421, or see the Population & Migration topic page.

Per Capita Income

Total Personal income divided by the total population. Current dollars were computed using the CPI-U from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts, Local Area Personal Income, Table CA05N.

For more information contact Timothy Parker, 202-694-5435.

Earnings Per Job

Total earnings (wage/salary and self-employment) income, divided by the total number of jobs. Current dollars were computed using the CPI-U from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts, Local Area Personal Income, Tables CA05N and CA25N.

For more information contact Timothy Parker, 202-694-5435.

Poverty Rates

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1980, 1990, 2000 Censuses of Population, and the 2016 American Community Survey. See the Rural Poverty & Well-being topic page.

For more information contact Tracey Farrigan, 202-694-5489.

Household-Level Food Insecurity and Very Low Food Security

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service. See the Food Security in the United States data page for details.

For more information contact Alisha Coleman-Jensen, 202-694-5456.

Education

Educational attainment is comprised of four mutually exclusive categories for persons 25 years of age and older: 

  • Not completing high school—Percent of the population 25 years old or older whose highest completed level of schooling was 12th grade or lower and who do not have a high school diploma.
  • Completing high school only—Percent of the population 25 years old or older whose highest completed level of schooling was 12th grade and who have a high school diploma; includes those with a high school equivalency.
  • Completing some college—Percent of the population 25 years old or older with some college credit but no bachelor's degree or higher; includes those with associate's degree.
  • Completing college—Percent of the population 25 years old or older with bachelor's degree or higher.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1980, 1990, 2000 Censuses of Population, and the 2011-15 American Community Survey. See the Rural Education topic page for details.

For more information contact Alexander Marré, 202-694-5338.

Employment Change

Change in the annual average number of persons employed in the years indicated, as a percentage of employment in the base year, based on place of residence.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See the Rural Employment and Unemployment topic page for details.

For more information contact Timothy Parker, 202-694-5435.

Unemployment

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the civilian labor force age 16 and over that can not find a job, but is willing to work and actively seeking employment. The rural and urban unemployment rates were computed by summing the number of unemployed and the civilian labor force across all nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties, and calculating the percent unemployed. 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See the Rural Employment and Unemployment topic page for details.

For more information contact Timothy Parker, 202-694-5435.

Organic Agriculture

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service. See the Organic Production data page for details.

For more information contact Catherine Greene, 202-694-5541.

Farm Characteristics

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Census of Agriculture.

For more information contact NASS Customer Service, 1-800-727-9540.

Farm Financial Indicators

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service. See the Farm Income and Wealth Statistics data page for details.

For more information contact the Farm Income Team.

Top 5 Agricultural Commodities

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service. See Cash Receipts Data for details.

For more information contact the Farm Income Team.

Top 5 Agricultural Exports

Source: USDA, Economic Research Service. See State Export Data for details.

For more information contact Bryce Cooke, 202-694-5257.

Top 5 Counties in Agricultural Sales, 2012

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2012 Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Chapter 2, County Level Data, Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold Including Direct Sales: 2012 and 2007.

For more information contact NASS Customer Service, 1-800-727-9540.

Update and Revision History

November 7, 2017—Updated the agricultural export data to 2016.

October 25, 2017—Added the latest (2016) U.S. and State-Level poverty estimates.

September 29, 2017—Added the latest food security estimates for 2016.

June 8, 2017—Employment change and unemployment data were updated with 2016 estimates, previous years were revised. 

April 14, 2017—Population data were updated with 2016 estimates, previous years were revised.

February 7, 2017—Revised farm financial indicators estimates.

January 27, 2017—Statistics on poverty, educational attainment, per capita income, and earnings per job have been updated with the latest available data.

November 30, 2016—Revised farm financial indicators estimates.

November 4, 2016—Updated the agricultural export data to 2015.

September 8, 2016—Posted the latest food security estimates for 2015.

August 30, 2016—Posted new farm financial indicators for 2015, and revised estimates for 2014. Replaced the 2014 Top 5 Agricultural Commodities with 2015 estimates. 

July 20, 2016—Corrected percent of cropland in pasture from the 2012 Census of Agriculture. See errata for more information.

June 3, 2016—Unemployment rates and employment change variables updated with 2015 data, and revised estimates for previous years.

April 29, 2016—Population estimates were updated to 2015.