Price Spreads from Farm to Consumer

ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS anticipates releasing updates to this data set in the Fall of 2017.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Milk and dairy basket 3/6/2017
Butter, one pound 1/20/2016
Cheddar cheese, one pound 3/6/2017
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon 3/6/2017
Whole milk, one gallon 3/6/2017
Fresh fruit
Fresh fruit basket 12/13/2016
Fresh apples 10/18/2017
Fresh grapefruit 10/18/2017
Fresh grapes 10/18/2017
Fresh lemons 10/18/2017
Fresh oranges 10/18/2017
Fresh peaches 10/18/2017
Fresh pears 6/15/2016
Fresh strawberries 10/18/2017
Fresh vegetables
Fresh vegetables basket 10/18/2017
Fresh broccoli 3/6/2017
Fresh lettuce, iceberg 3/6/2017
Fresh potatoes 3/6/2017
Fresh tomatoes, field grown 3/6/2017
Processed fruit and vegetables
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallon 10/18/2017
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon 10/18/2017
Field crops
Flour, white, all purpose, per pound 2/9/2016
Margarine, stick, per pound 11/14/2012
Sugar, white, per pound 10/18/2017
White pan bread, per pound 8/11/2014
Archived Versions
Cheddar cheese, one pound 11/20/2013
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon 11/20/2013
Whole milk, one gallon 11/20/2013
Butter, one pound 11/14/2012