Total spending on USDA’s food and nutrition assistance programs fell in fiscal year 2022, but remained higher than in pre-pandemic years

Area chart showing inflation-adjusted USDA expenditures for food assistance programs, fiscal years 1970–2022

Federal spending on USDA's food and nutrition assistance programs totaled $183.0 billion in fiscal year 2022, 6 percent less than fiscal year 2021, adjusted for inflation. Inflation-adjusted spending on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the largest USDA food and nutrition assistance program, was 1 percent lower than the record high spending in fiscal year 2021. Spending on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) increased by 7 percent. Combined spending on child nutrition programs increased by 19 percent. Combined spending on other programs fell in fiscal year 2022, primarily due to lower spending on Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer (P-EBT) and the expiration of the Farmers to Families Food Box Program midway through fiscal year 2021.

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