Food prices are less volatile than fuel prices

Line chart showing annual percent changes in food, household energy, and motor fuel prices from 2004 to 2023.

Food and fuel prices are typically more volatile than other consumer spending categories, but the price swings differ in size. Over the past two decades, motor fuel prices often experienced double-digit annual price swings, and the average annual change in food prices (3.0 percent) was lower than household energy (3.3 percent) and motor fuel prices (5.9 percent). In 2023, food prices grew by 5.8 percent, while household energy prices increased by 1.6 percent and motor fuel prices declined by 10.6 percent following relatively large increases for each of these categories in 2022.

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