SNAP spending rose higher, faster after start of pandemic than after start of Great Recession

Line and stacked bar chart showing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation rates and spending breakdown amounts in 2022 dollars between fiscal years 2004 and 2022.

In some ways, fiscal year 2022 marked a return to prepandemic operations for USDA’s food and nutrition assistance programs, which continued to respond to economic conditions and other factors. However, new challenges also emerged, such as rising food inflation and infant formula changes.

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