Agricultural Exchange Rate Data Set

This dataset contains annual and monthly data for exchange rates important to U.S. agriculture. It includes both nominal and real exchange rates for 79 countries, plus the European Union (EU), as well as real trade-weighted exchange rate indexes for many commodities and aggregations. All series are updated quarterly. Data series start at the beginning of 1970 and run to the last available data point.

Errata: On June 27, 2022, the Real annual commodity trade weighted exchange rate indexes, Real Monthly Commodity Trade Weighted Exchange Rate Indexes, Monthly Real Exchange Rates, Annual Nominal Exchange Rates, Monthly Nominal Exchange Rates, and Annual Real Exchange Rates files were reposted to update a footnote to clearly indicate certain numbers are projections. In the Monthly Real Exchange Rates, Annual Nominal Exchange Rates, Monthly Nominal Exchange Rates, and Annual Real Exchange Rates files, the name of Brazil’s currency was corrected in row 5. In the Monthly Nominal Exchange Rates file, a footnote was revised in order to correctly list the date of introduction of Brazil’s currency. Agricultural trade weights by commodity or commodity group was reposted in order to remove row 5 (Currency name) and column U (Eurozone). No data were affected by the errors.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Commodity Spreadsheets
Real annual commodity trade weighted exchange rate indexes 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Real Monthly Commodity Trade Weighted Exchange Rate Indexes 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Country Spreadsheets
Monthly Real Exchange Rates (local currency per USD) 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Annual Nominal Exchange Rates (local currency per USD) 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Monthly Nominal Exchange Rates (local currency per USD) 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Annual Real Exchange Rates (local currency per USD) 5/27/2022 8/26/2022
Exchange Rate Weights
Agricultural trade weights by commodity or commodity group 5/27/2022 8/26/2022