Jeffrey Gillespie

Research Agricultural Economist


Jeffrey Gillespie is a senior economist in the Animal Products and Cost of Production Branch of the Market and Trade Economics Division at USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS).


Jeff joined ERS in 2016. His research focuses on factors influencing production costs of U.S. livestock, dairy, and poultry. Prior to coming to ERS, he served as the Martin D. Woodin Endowed Professor of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness at Louisiana State University, where his research focused on production economics of animal agriculture, and he taught courses at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. Jeff has served the profession in a number of roles, most notably as Editor of the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics and as President of the Southern Agricultural Economics Association.


Jeff received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Agricultural Economics from Auburn University and his Ph.D. in Agricultural and Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota.

Professional Affiliations

Jeff is a member of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association and the Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

Selected Publications

Nyaupane, Narayan, Jeffrey Gillespie, and Kenneth McMillin. “How Important is Farm Profitability to Meat Goat Farmers?” The Professional Animal Scientist 33(5):596-603, October 2017.

Nyaupane, Narayan, Jeffrey Gillespie, Kenneth McMillin, Wes Harrison, and Isaac Sitienei “Selection of Breeding Stock by U.S. Meat Goat Producers,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 49(3):416-37, 2017.

Gillespie, Jeffrey, Richard Nehring, and Charlie Hallahan. “New Versus Old Broiler Housing Technology: Which Leads to Greater Profit?” Journal of Applied Poultry Research 26(1):72-83, 2017.

Nehring, Richard, Johannes Sauer, Jeffrey Gillespie, and Charlie Hallahan. “United States and European Union Dairy Farms: Where Is the Competitive Edge? “ International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 19(B):219-40, 2016.

Gillespie, Jeffrey, Narayan Nyaupane, Brittany Dunn, and Kenneth McMillin. “Why Do Farmers Decide to Produce Meat Goats? Evidence from the United States,” Agriculture and Human Values 33(4):911-27, 2016.

Qushim, Berdikul, Jeffrey Gillespie, Kenneth McMillin, and Krishna Paudel. “Technical and Scale Efficiencies of Meat Goat Farms in the USA,” Applied Economics 48(7):608-20, 2016.

Mishra, Ashok, and Jeffrey Gillespie. “Hiring Preferences for Non-Immigrant Labor: The Case of the Seafood Processing Industry.” Marine Resource Economics 31,1(2016):83-99.

Gillespie, Jeffrey, Narayan Nyaupane, and Kenneth McMillin. “How Accurate Are Farmers in Assessing the Gains Associated with Quality? The Case of the Meat Goat Industry” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 47,3(2015):411-440.

Sitienei, Isaac, Jeffrey Gillespie, and Guillermo Scaglia. “Producer Perceptions of the Importance of Challenges Currently Facing the United States Grass-finished Beef Industry.” The Professional Animal Scientist 31(2015):315-323.

Nehring, Richard, Jeffrey Gillespie, Ani Katchova, Charlie Hallahan, Michael Harris, and Kenneth Erickson. “What’s Driving U.S. Broiler Farm Profitability?” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 18,A(2015):59-78.

Gillespie, Jeffrey, Berdikul Qushim, Narayan Nyaupane, and Kenneth McMillin. “Breeding Technologies in U.S. Meat Goat Production: Who Are the Adopters and How Does Adoption Impact Productivity? Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 44,3(2015):315-339.

Bhandari, Basu, Jeffrey Gillespie, Guillermo Scaglia, Jim Wang, and Michael Salassi. “Analysis of Pasture Systems to Maximize the Profitability and Sustainability of Grass-Fed Beef Production.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 47,2(2015):193-212.

Scaglia, Guillermo, Jose Rodriguez, Jeffrey Gillespie, Basu Bhandari, Jim Wang, and Kenneth McMillin. “Performance and Economic Analyses of Year-round Forage Systems for Forage-fed Beef Production in the Gulf Coast.” Journal of Animal Science 92,12(2014):5704-5715.

Gillespie, Jeffrey, and Richard Nehring. “Pasture-based Versus Conventional Milk Production: Where is the Profit?” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 46,4(2014):543-558.

Nehring, Richard, Jeffrey Gillespie, Michael Harris, and Ken Erickson. “What’s Driving Economic and Financial Success of U.S. Cow-calf Operations?” Agricultural Finance Review 74,3(2014):311-325.