The U.S. fruit and tree nuts industry consists of a wide array of crops and products generating, on average, over $25 billion in farm cash receipts annually. Produced on less than 2 percent of U.S. agricultural cropland, farm cash receipts from this sector account for 13 percent of the total receipts for all agricultural commodities and 7 percent for all crops. Foreign markets serve as outlets for less than 20 percent of overall U.S. fruit and tree nuts supplies, while nearly half of the available supplies for domestic consumption come from imports. ERS monitors fruit and tree nuts markets and provides the following:

ERS’s Outputs on Fruit and Tree Nuts Markets

ERS provides a range of data products and reports on fruit and tree nuts markets including domestic supply, demand, trade, and prices. 

Periodic, scheduled outputs include:

  • Outlook reports are published two or three times per year, providing current intelligence and forecasts on changing conditions in the U.S. fruit and tree nuts sector. Interactive charts and highlights of the most recent Outlook report are available on the Market Outlook.
  •  Fruit and Tree Nut Data are updated monthly and provide detailed U.S. export and import data, producer and retail price indexes, and a few retail prices.
  • Fruit and Tree Nuts Yearbook Tables are updated annually and contain 150 Excel spreadsheets detailing over 20 years of annual or monthly data for U.S. bearing acreage, production, prices, trade, per capita use, and more.

In addition to the periodic Outlook reports and data products, ERS disseminates reports covering issues important to fruit and tree nuts markets in the United States and around the world. Recent ERS reports relating to fruit and tree nuts markets include:

Food Safety Practices and Costs Under the California Leafy Greens Marketing Agreement

Using information from firms participating in the voluntary California Leafy Greens Marketing Agreement, this report provides information on the relative costs that U.S. firms could incur under similar provisions of the Produce Rule under the Food Safety Modernization Act.

Changes to the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program Under the Agricultural Act of 2014: Their Potential Risk Reduction Impacts

ERS examines impacts of the Buy-Up coverage addition to the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) on expected payments, producers' risk reduction, and NAP enrollment by type of producer and crops.

The Influence of Income and Prices on Global Dietary Patterns by Country, Age, and Gender

Worldwide changes in eating habits are contributing to a global rise in obesity and related noncommunicable diseases (diabetes, heart disease, and stroke) across all countries, including low- and middle-income. To address this issue, this report investigates how income and prices influence dietary habits globally.

Estimating the Effects of Selected Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Technical Barriers to Trade on U.S.-EU Agricultural Trade

This study investigates the effects of non-tariff measures (NTM)—specifically, sanitary and phytosanitary measures and technical barriers to trade—on agricultural trade between the United States and the European Union (EU). Along with tariff reduction, the removal of NTMs has emerged as a key focus of negotiations in the U.S.-EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.

Agriculture in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Tariffs, Tariff-Rate Quotas, and Non-Tariff Measures

This study assesses the potential effects of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership between the United States and the European Union on agriculture under three broad scenarios: complete removal of tariffs and tariff-rate quotas; elimination of non-tariff measures along with tariffs and tariff-rate quotas; and a lowering of the willingness of consumers to purchase imported goods previously limited by non-tariff measures.