Administrative Publication No. (AP-116) 18 pp

August 2023

COVID-19 Working Paper: Distribution and Examination of Coronavirus Food Assistance Program Payments and Forgivable Paycheck Protection Program Loans at the State Level in 2020

Government payments to the farm sector were a record-high $45.7 billion in calendar year 2020. COVID-related payments from two programs—USDA’s Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) at $23.5 billion and Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) at $6.0 billion—accounted for nearly two-thirds of those 2020 payments. This report analyzes the distribution of direct Government payments relative to cash receipts in calendar year 2020. We find that USDA COVID-related payments from CFAP relative to cash receipts at the State level were closely aligned with distribution of cash receipts.

How to Cite:

Giri, A.K., Subedi, D., & Kassel, K. (2023). Distribution and examination of Coronavirus Food Assistance Program payments and Forgivable Paycheck Protection Program loans at the state level in 2020 (Report No. AP-116). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Keywords: Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, Paycheck Protection Program loans, direct Government payments, Lorenz curves, Gini coefficients

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