The Role of Fossil Fuels in the U.S. Food System and the American Diet
Economic Research Report No. (ERR-224) 97 pp, January 2017
The food system accounts for a large share of fossil fuel consumption in the United States, and energy accounts for a substantial and highly variable share of food costs. To study these relationships, we use the most recent data available to integrate the material-flows accounting framework adopted by the United Nations Statistical Commission into the ERS Food Dollar accounts.
Keywords: Carbon emissions tax, Dietary Guidelines for Americans, energy prices, environmental input-output model, food policy, fossil fuels, food prices, greenhouse gases, healthy diet, sustainability, U.S. food system
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