Economic Research Report No. (ERR-168) 45 pp

July 2014

The Effects of Phytosanitary Regulations on U.S. Imports of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Trade agreements have reduced tariff rates and worked to restrain the arbitrary use of nontariff measures, including sanitary and phytosanitary measures, since the 1980s. U.S. imports of fruits and vegetables have risen steadily during this period as more country-commodity combinations have been approved for importation to the United States.

Keywords: Phytosanitary, tariffs, nontariff measures, fruits and vegetables, imports

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