Agricultural Information Bulletin No. (AIB-732) 3 pp

February 1997

Changes in the Social and Economic Status of Women by Metro-Nonmetro Residence

Between 1980 and the mid-1990's, the earnings of American women and men became more equal. The narrowing of the earnings gap reflects a number of changes in women's life experiences (delayed marriage and childbearing, increased labor force participation, greater educational equity with men), as well as lower wages for men. This study presents a review and an appraisal of the advancement of women, especially nonmetropolitan women, during the 1980's and mid-1990's. High poverty rates among nonmetro women are cause for public policy concern. This report originated from a request to review the Draft Platform for Action for the Fourth U.N. World Conference on Women held in September 1995 in Beijing, China.

Keywords: women, educational attainment, labor force participation, earnings, poverty, metro-nonmetro residence

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