International Agriculture and Trade Outlook No. (WRS-0401) 11 pp

January 2004

Regulatory Barriers in International Horticultural Markets

This report examines the impacts of sanitary and phytosanitary measures that can affect patterns of trade in horticultural products by increasing the costs of imports or prohibiting them entirely. World Trade Organization members agreed in 1995 to rules to prevent the protectionist use of such measures to shield domestic producers from competition-rather than to avert genuine hazards. These rules have lowered many unnecessary barriers to horticultural trade, primarily through requirements that regulations be transparent and based on science.

Keywords: trade, Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, horticulture, regulatory barriers, World Trade Organization, WTO

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