Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook No. (LDPM-120-01) 15 pp

July 2004

U.S. 2003 and 2004 Livestock and Poultry Trade Influenced by Animal Disease and Trade Restrictions

Disease outbreaks and related trade restrictions have slowed previously expected high growth in many U.S. animal product exports, with U.S. beef exports most affected. This report discusses how animal diseases and disease-related trade restrictions have influenced trade in animal products in the past few years, with an emphasis on 2003 and forecasts for 2004. The most important animal diseases that have affected trade in animal products in recent years have been bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), Avian Influenza (AI), and Exotic Newcastle Disease (END).

Keywords: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, BSE, Avian Influenza, AI, Exotic Newcastle Disease, END, regionalized trade bans, plant inspection protocol, tariff rate quota, TRQ, Japan's pork safeguard system

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