Turkey Sector: Background & Statistics

turkeys

Turkey meat production in the United States during January-September 2017 surpassed 4.4 billion pounds, down about 0.5 percent from the same period in 2016. For the most current coverage of the turkey market, see the monthly newsletter Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook. 

See also the Amber Waves article, Low Wholesale Turkey Prices in 2017 Should Translate Lower Costs for Consumers This Thanksgiving.

Production Statistics

Value of turkey production:

  • 2012: $5.45 billion
  • 2013: $4.84 billion
  • 2014: $5.30 billion
  • 2015: $5.71 billion
  • 2016: $6.18 billion

Data are reported annually in the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Poultry-Production and Value report.

U.S. turkey meat production (ready-to-cook weight):

  • 2012: 5.97 billion pounds
  • 2013: 5.81 billion pounds
  • 2014: 5.76 billion pounds
  • 2015: 5.63 billion pounds
  • 2016: 5.98 billion pounds
  • 2017: 6.008 billion pounds (WASDE projection as of October 2017, see the Latest Report or ERS's WASDE at a Glance visualization)

Data are reported on the ERS Livestock and Meat Domestic Data web page, and forecasts are reported in the monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report.

State turkey production, 2016:  

Top eight States:

  • MN - 44.5 million birds
  • NC - 33.5 million birds
  • AR - 26 million birds
  • IN - 19.5 million birds
  • MO - 19.2 million birds
  • VA - 17.2 million birds
  • IA - 11.7 million birds
  • CA - 11.4 million birds

U.S. total turkey production: 244 million birds

Data are reported in the NASS Poultry-Production and Value report.

Consumption Statistics

U.S. domestic use of turkey (disappearance):

  • 2012: 5.03 billion pounds
  • 2013: 5.07 billion pounds
  • 2014: 5.05 billion pounds
  • 2015: 5.14 billion pounds
  • 2016: 5.38 billion pounds
  • 2017: 5.386 billion pounds (WASDE projection as of October 2017, see the Latest Report or ERS's WASDE at a Glance visualization)

Recent data and projections are reported in the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, and historical data are available on the ERS Livestock and Meat Domestic Data web page.

U.S. turkey disappearance per capita:

Recent data and projections are reported in the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, and historical data are available on the ERS Livestock and Meat Domestic Data web page.

Trade Statistics

U.S. turkey meat exports:

  • 2012: 797 million pounds
  • 2013: 741 million pounds
  • 2014: 775 million pounds
  • 2015: 529 million pounds
  • 2016: 569 million pounds
  • 2017: 611 million pounds (WASDE projection as of October 2017, see the Latest Report or ERS's WASDE at a Glance visualization)

Recent data and projections are reported in the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, and historical data are available on the ERS Livestock and Meat International Trade Data web page.

Price Statistics

Retail prices for frozen whole turkey:   

  • 2012 average: $1.62 per pound
  • 2013 average: $1.65 per pound
  • 2014 average: $1.60 per pound
  • 2015 average: $1.51 per pound
  • 2016 average: $1.55 per pound

Data are reported in ERS Meat Price Spreads.

Wholesale prices for frozen whole turkey hens:     

  • 2012 average: $1.06 per pound
  • 2013 average: $1.00 per pound
  • 2014 average: $1.08 per pound
  • 2015 average: $1.16 per pound
  • 2016 average: $1.17 per pound
  • 2017 average: $0.98 per pound (WASDE projection as of October 2017, see the Latest Report or ERS's WASDE at a Glance Visualization)

Recent data and projections are reported in the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, and historical data are available on the ERS Livestock and Meat Domestic Data web page.