Wheat Data

This data product contains summary statistics on the five classes of wheat: Hard Red Winter, Hard Red Spring, Soft Red Winter, White, and Durum and rye. This product includes data published in the monthly Wheat Outlook and monthly updates to the Wheat Yearbook tables. Data are monthly, quarterly, and/or annually, depending upon the data series. Most data are shown as marketing years, others as calendar years. Also provided on this page are the Wheat By-Class Quarterly data, which are generally updated each quarter.

The following data series are included in this data product with some series going back to 1886. For further information on how these data are compiled see the Documentation page.

  • U.S. and World Production, Supply, and Disappearance – World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) (Tables 1–12)
  • Food use – WASDE; USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (Tables 13–16)
  • Domestic and International Prices – USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS); International Grains Council; USDA, NASS (Tables 18–20)
  • U.S. Export and Import Data – U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, Foreign Trade Statistics (Tables 21–27; 34–35)
  • Flour Production and Prices – USDA, NASS; USDA, AMS; Milling and Baking News (Tables 28–33)

The Wheat Data Visualization lets users analyze trends in the domestic and international wheat markets using most of these data. The visualization provides a by-class domestic overview, domestic and international prices, by-class trade data, and an international balance sheet overview. The information is presented through various interactive visualizations including line, area, or bar graphs. A map shows United States’ wheat trade flows over time. The Wheat Data Visualization is updated monthly along with our Wheat Data tables.


These data give a perspective into the analytical methods used to calculate WASDE figures. Wheat Data provides an easy reference to a wide variety of wheat-related materials from many sources. In addition to ease of access, some pieces of information are uniquely available in this data source – such as monthly by-class trade data, monthly food use statistics, and by-class quarterly supply and utilization tables. These data support a wide range of research objectives, allowing users to quantitatively analyze a large amount of historical data.

Note: Beginning September 13, 2023, a .zip file containing 15 comma-separated values (.csv) files will be
provided along with the spreadsheet file for Wheat Data-All Years to improve accessibility and usability—
particularly for ease of analysis using various software packages. The .csv files will contain all data points
from Wheat Data-Recent and Wheat Data-All Years, with one data point per row. Also, look forward to
further improvements in the coming months that will simplify the presentation of the formatted
spreadsheets for Wheat Data-All Years and Wheat Data-Recent files.

Note: On November 13, 2023, Wheat Data was published with a new by-class import allocation for Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code 1001990097. This change has been applied to the 2023/24 marketing year only to better reflect changing market conditions. This change affects the by-class imports seen in Table 35 and in the latest release of the Historical by-class quarterly data. The full rationale for this change is in the feature article in the November 2023 Wheat Outlook (published November 14, 2023).

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Wheat Data-All Years 5/13/2024 6/13/2024
Wheat Data-Recent 5/13/2024 6/13/2024
Historical by-class quarterly data 5/13/2024
Historical By-Class Quarterly Machine Readable Data 5/13/2024