U.S. Bioenergy Statistics

Society has just begun to tap new renewable sources of energy from agriculture and forestlands on a commercial scale that impacts energy markets.  Among these sources are biofuels, a small but important component of current fuel consumption in the U.S. transport sector.  In 2012, biofuels accounted for roughly 7.1 percent of total transport fuel consumption, or 13.8 billion gallons, unchanged from the previous year.  Ethanol, made mostly from corn starch from kernels, is by far the most significant biofuel in the United States, accounting for 94 percent of all biofuel production in 2012.  Most of the remainder is biodiesel, which is made from vegetable oils (chiefly soy oil) as well as animal fats, waste oils, and greases. 

The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture.  Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to feedstock-oriented users.  The statistics highlight the factors that influence the demand for agricultural feedstocks for biofuels production; for instance, numerous tables emphasize the relationship between energy and commodity markets.

ERS analysts track U.S. ethanol and biodiesel production, consumption, and trade. They also monitor and analyze U.S. bioenergy policy and events that affect the domestic and international biofuel and feedstock markets.  Additional tables will be added as new series become available.

Errata: On May 7, 2018, Table 3 of the U.S. Bioenergy Statistics data product was reposted to correctly label row 452 as “Mar-18.”

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Supply and Disappearance
Table 1--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance, marketing year and quarter 8/6/2018 11/7/2018
Table 2--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance calendar year 7/10/2018 3/5/2019
Table 3--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance, by month 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Table 4--Biodiesel supply and disappearance 12/5/2017 12/5/2018
Table 5--Corn supply, disappearance and share of total corn used for ethanol 9/7/2018 12/5/2018
Table 6--Soybean oil supply, disappearance and share of biodiesel use 6/6/2018 12/5/2018
Table 7--Oils and fats supply and prices, marketing year 12/5/2017 12/5/2018
Table 8--Dried distillers grain with solubles: supply and disappearance 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Table 9--Dried distillers grain with solubles price, marketing year 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Table 10--Fuel ethanol production facilities capacity and utilization rates, calendar year 6/6/2018 12/5/2018
Table 11--Fuel ethanol production facilities capacity and utilization rates, by state 9/7/2018 12/5/2018
Table 12--Biodiesel: Production capacity, by State 12/5/2017 12/5/2018
Table 13--Alternative fuel stations 12/5/2017 12/5/2018
Table 14--Fuel ethanol, corn and gasoline prices, by month 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Table 15--Fuel ethanol, corn and gasoline prices, marketing year 8/6/2018 11/7/2018
Table 16--Fuel ethanol and gasoline consumption and market share 4/5/2018 4/5/2019
Table 17--Biodiesel and diesel prices 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Table 18--Monthly on-highway average diesel prices 9/7/2018 10/5/2018
Next-Generation Biofuels
Table 19--EPA second-generation biofuel plant volumes 12/5/2017 12/5/2018
All In One
All Tables in One 9/7/2018 10/5/2018