The food dollar series provides an overview of the food system, with estimates of the farm share and of the distribution of food-dollar value-added shares over time:
- For every dollar spent in 2017 in the U.S. on domestically produced food (food dollar), U.S. farmers sold 14.6 cents of farm products to non-farm establishments (farm share), down from 15.6 cents in 2016. The farm share is at its lowest level since being recorded.
- Since the previous year, farm production costs per food dollar remained constant at 7.8 cents in 2017 and are still at their lowest level since 2002.
- Foodservice costs per food dollar rose in 2017 to 36.7 cents, increasing for the 9th consecutive year since 2008; foodservice costs were 29.0 cents in 2008.
- Food packaging costs are 2.3 cents, an all-time low since the beginning of this series in 1993; packaging costs were recorded at their highest level of 4.2 cents in 2002.