Food Dollar Series

The Food Dollar Series measures annual expenditures by U.S. consumers on domestically produced food. This data series is composed of three primary series—the marketing bill series, the industry group series, and the primary factor series—that describe different aspects of the food-supply chain. The three series show three different ways to split up the same food dollar. For more information about the Food Dollar Series, see:

A Revised and Expanded Food Dollar Series: A Better Understanding of Our Food Costs

All statistics reported in the dollar bill images represent a percentage of an average annual food dollar expenditure (for more information, see the Glossary page). The same statistics reported in total dollar denominations are available in downloadable tables (for more information, see the Download the Data page).

Data are available from 1993 to 2020 and are updated annually, with data for 2021 scheduled for release in November 2022. Beginning with the 2021 updates, the principal data source of the Food Dollar Series is released every year (for more information, see Inter-industry relationships (Input-Output matrix) page). 

Roughly every 5 years since 1997, a new benchmark data source is published (for more information, see the Industry Economic Accounts: Benchmark Input-Output Accounts page) based on the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census’ U.S. Economic Census and the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service’s U.S. Agricultural Census. With a new benchmark, all data in the Food Dollar Series covering years since the previous benchmark undergo a final revision. For example, in 2022, the 2012 benchmark data were integrated into the Food Dollar Series, so all data from 1993 to 2019 in the series have been reconciled to the benchmark data for 1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012. Beginning with the food dollar updates published in 2014, 16 additional commodity-specific tables have been added to the food dollar data series that report only benchmark-year statistics (for more information, see Commodity Tables in the Glossary page). 

A 10-year review of the food dollar estimation program is underway. Once completed, there is the potential for historical revisions in some of the current Food Dollar Series. Meanwhile, the usual non-benchmark year principal data source updates are provided (tables 1 to 6). These updates incorporate the 2012 benchmark data, so data from 2008–2019 were revised in this release. Further, this update includes new nominal and real data for 2020 and changes the base year for inflation-adjusted (real) dollars to 2012 dollars.