Farm Household Income and Characteristics

This data product presents the latest household income forecast and estimates for principal operators of U.S. family farms. Estimates for 2020 were added and forecasts for 2021 were updated on December 1, 2021. For a discussion of the current conditions and trends in farm household income, see the Farm Household Well-being topic, which includes a glossary of terms used in the tables.

Tables also cover data pertaining to beginning, socially disadvantaged, and limited-resource farmers. For a discussion of the current conditions and trends concerning these groups, see the Beginning & Disadvantaged Farmers topic.

Tables also include data on health insurance coverage and expenditures of farm operator households. For a discussion of this topic, see the chapter on Health Insurance Coverage in the Farm Household Well-being topic.

Note: Estimates are subject to revision one year after their preliminary release. Revisions are made only when credible additional information becomes available that changes the summary of survey results.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Farm Household Income Forecast
Principal farm operator household finances, 2016-21F 12/1/2021 2/4/2022
Farm Household Financial Indicators
Principal farm operator household finances, by ERS farm typology, 2020 12/1/2021
Finances and characteristics of principal farm operator households, by major occupation, 2020 12/1/2021
Mean and median farm operator household income and ratio of farm household to U.S. household income, 1960-2020 12/1/2021
All farms and family farms, by farm size class (gross sales), 1996-2020 12/1/2021
Farm Household Characteristics
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by experience of operators, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by age of principal operator, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by gender of principal operator, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by type of management team, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by limited-resource farm status, 2016 11/7/2019
Health Insurance Coverage
Health insurance coverage and expenditure information of farm operator households, by off-farm work of operator and spouse, 2011 and 2015 12/21/2016
Health insurance coverage and expenditure information of farm operator households, by commodity specialization, 2011 and 2015 12/21/2016