Cost Estimates of Foodborne Illnesses

The Cost Estimates of Foodborne Illnesses data product provides detailed data about the costs of major foodborne illnesses in the United States, updating and extending previous ERS research. This data set includes:

  • Detailed identification of specific disease outcomes for foodborne infections caused by 15 major pathogens in the United States
  • Associated outpatient and inpatient expenditures on medical care
  • Associated lost wages
  • Estimates of individuals’ willingness to pay to reduce mortality resulting from these foodborne illnesses acquired in the United States.

Disease outcomes include both acute illness and chronic disease that sometimes follow these acute illnesses. These 15 pathogens account for over 95 percent of the illnesses and deaths from foodborne illnesses acquired in the United States for which the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) can identify a pathogen cause. These estimates build on CDC estimates of the incidence of foodborne disease; peer-reviewed synthesis of data on medical costs, and economic, medical and epidemiological literature; and publicly available data on wages.

This data product provides Federal agencies such as USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) with a set of consistent, peer-reviewed estimates of the costs of foodborne illness that can be used in analyzing the impact of Federal regulation. It also provides other stakeholders and the general public with a means of understanding the relative impact of different foodborne infections in the United States. Cost estimates of foodborne illnesses have been used in the past to help inform food-safety policy discussions, and these updated cost estimates will provide a foundation for economic analysis of food safety policy.

This product consists of 15 Excel files detailing disease outcomes for each pathogen together with associated costs, technical notes and documentation, and links to associated research projects and publications.


Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Campylobacter (all species)
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Campylobacter (all species) 10/7/2014
Clostridium perfringens
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Clostridium perfringens 10/7/2014
Consumer Price Indexes
Consumer Price Indexes 10/7/2014
Cryptosporidium parvum
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Cryptosporidium parvum 10/7/2014
Cyclospora cayetanensis
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Cyclospora cayetanensis 10/7/2014
Escherichia coli O157
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Escherichia coli O157 10/7/2014
Listeria monocytogenes
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Listeria monocytogenes 10/7/2014
Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli 11/4/2014
Norovirus
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Norovirus 10/7/2014
Salmonella (non-typhoidal)
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Salmonella (non-typhoidal) 10/7/2014
Shigella (all species)
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Shigella (all species) 10/7/2014
Toxoplasma gondii
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Toxoplasma gondii 10/7/2014
Value of Statistical Life
Value of Statistical Life (VSL) 11/12/2014
Vibrio (all other non-cholera species)
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Vibrio (all other non-cholera species) 10/7/2014
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Vibrio parahaemolyticus 10/7/2014
Vibrio vulnificus
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Vibrio vulnificus 10/7/2014
Yersinia enterocolitica
Cost of foodborne illness estimates for Yersinia enterocolitica 10/7/2014