Corn-based ethanol production in the United States has plateaued in recent years

Stacked area chart showing how corn was used by major sector from 1990-2018 with ethanol expanding notably after 2005

Corn is the major agricultural input used in the United States to produce ethanol, which has accounted for over 40 percent of U.S. corn use in recent years. Rapid expansion of ethanol production in the past decade reflected a response to high crude oil prices, the Renewable Fuel Standard, and other factors. However, ethanol production has generally plateaued as oil prices have fallen and the gasoline market has hit a 10-percent blend constraint.

Download higher resolution chart (4267 pixels by 3417, 300 dpi)