U.S. farms at financial risk by race of principal operator, 2018–20

Bar chart comparing African-American principal farm operators’ risk with that of all other principal farm operators from 2018 to 2020.

USDA, Economic Research Service researchers found that farms operated by African Americans tended to have lower profits and receive lower Government payments compared with other producers. Smaller farm sizes and commodity choices were key factors in these farms’ financial outcomes.

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