Cereal grain crop yields rise with fertilizer application

Scatter chart showing total fertilizer application in kilograms per hectare and trendline for cereal grain crops in lower middle income countries and low-income countries.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in early 2022 led to transportation interruptions and new trade restrictions. That curtailed already short fertilizer supplies, driving up prices almost 50 percent from February to April 2022, affecting the entire food supply chain.

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