ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

What Is the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS)?

The Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's primary source of information on the production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of America’s farms and ranches. The results of this survey give farmers, ranchers, and many others factual insights into many aspects of farming, ranching, and conditions in agricultural communities.

Access ARMS Data

Users can view and download data that summarize production practices, resource use, and financial well-being across different types of farms and ranches.

  • Crop Production Practices
    Status and trends in crop production practices for several field crops. To access these data, see Tailored reports: Crop Production Practices. Data were last updated April 23, 2015, reflecting the 2013 survey.
  • Farm Structure and Finance
    ERS' data dissemination tool on the structure and financial status and performance of U.S. farm operators, their households, and farm businesses. The tool allows for interaction with the ARMS data, includes charting capability, and has an application program interface (API) for direct queries. Data were last updated December 16, 2021, to include 2020 data.
    Errata: Some data within the Tailored Reports: Farm Structure and Finance in the ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices data product were misreported as "NA" following issues with the underlying data server, starting on or about September 20 through September 27. The issue was resolved on September 27, 2022, and the relevant data were restored.

Data Training Webinar and Video Tutorials

Data Training Webinar: Farm Income and Wealth Statistics & Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) Data Dissemination Tool

In this webinar, ERS Senior Economist Carrie Litkowski provided an overview of the Farm Income and Wealth Statistics Data and data visualizations available on the ERS website. ERS Agricultural Economist Dipak Subedi explained how to use the ARMS Data Dissemination Tool

ARMS Webtool Introduction

ARMS API Introduction

ARMS API in Excel

ARMS API in Postman

ARMS API in R