ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

What Is the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS)?

ARMS is USDA's primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, and resource use of America's farm businesses and the economic well-being of America's farm households. ARMS is a nationally representative survey administered using several phases—sample screener, field-level, and farm-level phases—targeting about 5,000 fields and 30,000 farms each year.

The field-level phase collects information on production practices and costs (fertilizer, pesticide, labor, tillage, seed, etc.) for target commodities. The farm-level phase collects financial information for farm businesses and a variety of financial and demographic information (age, education, occupation, off-farm income, etc.) for farm operators and their households. The survey collects information from 48 States and is designed to be representative of the continental U.S. and to support State-level estimates for 15 key agricultural States.

Why Does ARMS Information Matter?

ARMS data support official statistics and policy-relevant economic research regarding farm financial performance, farm household well-being, and conservation/environmental programs. In turn, the statistics and research inform public and private decision makers weighing alternative policies and programs affecting the farm sector, farm families, and the environment.

Who Conducts the Survey?

The Economic Research Service (USDA-ERS) and the National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA-NASS) share funding and management responsibilities for this annual survey.

Data Access