Xiao Dong

Research Agricultural Economist


Xiao Dong is a research agricultural economist in the Food Markets Branch of the Food Economics Division at USDA Economic Research Service. His research investigates consumer demand, food marketing, industrial organization, food retail, food manufacturing, and retailer/producer strategies.


Xiao joined the Economic Research Service in January 2020 after completing his Ph.D. at The Ohio State University. Previously, he was an engineer in the chemical industry.


Ph.D. in A.E.D. (Applied) Economics, The Ohio State University

M.S. in Mechanical Engineering, Ohio University

B.S. in Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame

Selected Publications

Dong, X., and G.M. Astill. 2021. “The short- and long-term costs of a severe drought on retail peanut butter prices and consumers,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics: 53(2).

Dong, X., and H.A. Klaiber. 2021. “Local brand entry and incumbent variety response: evidence from the ice cream market,” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review: 1–19.

Dong, X., and H.A. Klaiber. 2019. “Consumer stockpiling in response to the US EISA ‘light bulb ban,’” Energy Economics 81:566–576.

Dong, X., J. Trembly, and D. Bayless. 2017. “Techno-economic analysis of hydraulic fracking flowback and produced water treatment in supercritical water reactor,” Energy 133: 777–783.