Robert Hoppe

Agricultural Economist
202-694-5572
rhoppe@ers.usda.gov

Briefly

Bob Hoppe is an Agricultural Economist with the Resource and Rural Economic Division, Structure and Productivity Branch. For the past 20 years, he has conducted research on farm structure, or how farms are organized to use and control their resources. Current research topics include the shift of production and Government payments to larger farms, farm consolidation in U.S. agriculture, and the characteristics of small and family farms. He recently updated the ERS farm typology—a farm classification system—and uses it to conduct research and provide information on different types of farms. Most of the data he uses come from the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) and the Census of Agriculture.

Background

Bob started working at ERS in 1978, in the old Economic Development Division. At that time, he researched poverty, income sources, and income support programs in rural areas. Later, he conducted research on farm household income and generated annual estimates of farm household income from ARMS. Before coming to ERS, he was a research specialist in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota, St. Paul. While there, he worked on a rural development project.

Education

Bob received his MA in Agricultural Economics from Washington State University and his BA in Economics from the University of Minnesota, Morris.

Selected Publications

Selected ERS Bulletins and Reports:

Family Farm Brochures (annual since 2014):

  • Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2016. America’s Diverse Family Farms, 2016 Edition, EIB-164, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2015. America’s Diverse Family Farms, 2015 Edition, EIB-146, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2014. America’s Diverse Family Farms, 2014 Edition, EIB-133, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

McFadden, J. and R. Hoppe. 2017. The Evolving Distribution of Payments From Commodity, Conservation, and Federal Crop Insurance Programs, EIB-184, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R. 2014. Structure and Finances of U.S. Farms: Family Farm Report, 2014 Edition, EIB-132, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

MacDonald, J., P. Korb, and R. Hoppe. 2013. Farm Size and the Organization of U.S. Crop Farming, ERR-152, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and P. Korb. 2013. Characteristics of Women Farm Operators and Their Farms, EIB-111, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2013. Updating the ERS Farm Typology, EIB-110, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

White, T. Kirk, and R. Hoppe. 2012. Changing Farm Structure and the Distribution of Farm Payments and Federal Crop Insurance, EIB-91, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

O’Donoghue, E., R. Hoppe, D. Banker, R Ebel, K. Fuglie, P. Korb, M. Livingston, C. Nickerson, and C. Sandretto. 2011. The Changing Organization of U.S. Farming, EIB-88, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and D. Banker. 2010. Structure and Finances of U.S. Farms: Family Farm Report, 2010 Edition, EIB-66, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., J. MacDonald, and P. Korb. 2010. Small Farms in the United States: Persistence Under Pressure, EIB-63, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

O’Donoghue, E., R. Hoppe, D. Banker, and P. Korb. 2009. Exploring Alternative Farm Definitions: Implications for Agricultural Statistics and Program Eligibility, EIB-49, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., P. Korb, and D. Banker. 2008. Million-Dollar Farms in the New Century, EIB-42, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and P. Korb. 2006. Understanding U.S. Farm Exits, ERR-21, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Selected Articles in Amber Waves (ERS Magazine):

MacDonald, J., and R. Hoppe, 2017. "Large Family Farms Continue to Dominate U.S. Agricultural Production," Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2016. "Understanding America’s Diverse Family Farms," Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R. 2015. "Profit Margin Increases With Farm Size," Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R., and J. MacDonald. 2013. "The Revised ERS Farm Typology: Classifying U.S. Farms to Reflect Today’s Agriculture," Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Hoppe, R. 2010. "U.S. Farm Structure: Declining—But Persistent—Small Commercial Farms," Amber Waves, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.