Maria Bowman

Research Agricultural Economist
Google Scholar profile


Maria is a Research Agricultural Economist in the Conservation and Environment Branch of the Economic Research Service, USDA. Her work focuses on the sustainability of existing and emerging agricultural systems, including the economics of antibiotic use in U.S. livestock operations; how U.S. conservation programs impact sustainability via farmer decision-making and environmental outcomes such as soil health and soil erosion; and on economic issues related to process-based labeling and the National Organic Program.


Prior to joining ERS, Maria was a Fellow in the Food and Agriculture Program of the Natural Resources Defense Council. From 2006-08, Maria worked in the Brazil and Africa programs of the Woods Hole Research Center in Falmouth, MA.


Maria received a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Berkeley. She also earned an M.S. in Forestry from Virginia Tech and a B.S. in Environmental Science from Juniata College.

Selected Publications

Bowman, M., K. Marshall, F. Kuchler, and L. Lynch. 2016. “Raised Without Antibiotics: Lessons from Voluntary Labeling of Antibiotic Use Practices in The Broiler Industry,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 98(2):622-642.

Bowman, M. 2016. “Impact of Foot-and-mouth disease status on deforestation in Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado municipalities between 2000 and 2010,” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 75:25-40.

Bowman, M., and D. Zilberman. 2013. “Economic Factors Affecting Diversified Farming Systems,” Ecology and Society 18(1), Article 33.

Bowman, M., B. Soares-Filho, F. Merry, D. Nepstad, H. Rodrigues, and O. Almeida. 2012. “Persistence of Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon: A Spatial Analysis of the Rationale for Beef Production,” Land Use Policy 29(3):558-568.

Soares-Filho, B., et al. 2010. “The role of Brazilian Amazon protected areas in climate change mitigation,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(24):10821-10826.

Nepstad, D., et al. 2009. “The End of Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon,” Science 326:1350-1351.

Amacher, G., F. Merry, and M. Bowman. 2009. “Smallholder timber sales on the Amazon Frontier,” Ecological Economics 68: 1787-1796.

Bowman, M., G. Amacher, and F. Merry. 2008. “Fire use and prevention by traditional households in the Brazilian Amazon,” Ecological Economics 67(1):117-130.